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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2013

I. Researches


Valentin Tomuleț
The legal status of călărași in Bessarabia: from Moldovan traditions to the Russian imperial administrative system

Andrei Emilciuc
West- European books in Bessarabia: ways of distribution and government oversight (1812-1862)

II. Papers and surveys


Vasile Mărculeț, Ioan Mărculeț
Byzantine military-administrative units in the Eastern Bulgaria and on the Lower Danube during the reign of John I Tzimisces

Silvia Barcari
Historiographical reflections on local and transit trade relations on the Prut-Dniester area and the Lower Danube (late 13th - 14th century

Лора Тасева
The Kishinev copy of three 14th-century anti-latin writings

Андрей Красножон
On finding of once lost building plates of the 15th century from the fortress of Belgorod

Dumitra Bulei
Cultural life and printed books during the reign of Matei Basarab

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The destiny of woman in the history of Moldavia. Myths and realities about Catherine the Circassian – the second wife of the hospodar Vasile Lupu

Jackson Little
The Slavic kalabalik: the Pruth campaign, Charles XII’s Swedish camp at Bender and the rise of pan-slavism (A Theory on Peter I’s campaign in Wallachia, Moldova and its Legacy)

Alina Felea
Some categories of epitaphs in Moldova and neighboring countries in the 17th - early 19th centuries

Vlad D. Ghimpu
What was the original structural plan of the Church of the Assumption of Our Lady in the Căpriana Monastery?)

Irina Cereș
Aspects of economic relations between the Russian Empire and the Principality of Moldova in the late 18th - early 19th centuries

Игорь Гулянович
Urbanonyms of Southern Bessarabia in the middle of the 19th century (Akkerman, Izmail (Tuchkov), Kiliya): general trends and characteristics

Liliana Condraticova
L’orfèvrerie ecclésiastique du Bessarabie (1812- 1827)

Valentin Tomuleț, Victoria Bivol
Representatives of bourgeois elite in Bessarabia: Greek merchant Pantelei Sinadino (1830-1850)

Igor Cereteu
A manuscript about clergymen of the Nativity Cathedral in Chișinău during 1840-1851

Tatiana Chicaroș
From the history of a private school for girls in Bălți

Cristina Gherasim
Confirmation of the titles of nobility by Bessarabian nobles in the first half of the 19th century: The noble family of Frunzetti (Frunză)

Manole Brihuneț
Des législations sur la consolidation des nécropoles et la construction des églises dans les cimetières dans la première moitié du XIXe siècle

Dinu Poștarencu
Additions and clarifications on the biography of Ioan Pelivan

Cristina Tănase
Charitable activities of the Stroesku’s family in Brașov

Maria Danilov
Valuable books from the library of Paul Gore (Identification and/or inventory of sources)

Silvia Scutaru
Bessarabian clergy during the First World War

Marian Petcu
Three Political and Journalistic Events in Romania (1925-1927)

Alexandru Furtună
Church of St. Elijah in the town of Telenești (from the time of foundation until the beginning of 20th century)

Nicolae Fuștei
The “League of Militant Atheists” (1925- 1947) in the struggle against religion

Angela Lisnic, Nadejda Scobioală
Teachers’ salaries in the totalitarian system

Igor Cașu
National Liberation Movement in the Moldavian SSR, 1989-1991: some contributions

Jerzy Hatłas
The Bulgarians in Transnistria

Gheorghe Pisica
On the multi-party system in the Republic of Moldova

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les symboles héraldiques de la commune de Lipnic, district d’Ocnița

Sergiu Dobrea
On the origin and development of portable firearms (14th-19th centuries)

Всеволод Образцов, Юрий А. Пятницкий
Holy images on blades: unique swords from the State Hermitage Museum (preliminary publication)

Elena Postică
The exhibition „Soviet Moldova: Between Myths and the Gulag"

Vera Stăvilă
Movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Vera Serjant
Agricultural advertising in periodicals of the late 19th - early 20th centuries from the collection of NMHM

Ana Grițco
Amusement places in Chișinău. Cafe Man’kov (Late 19th century - the 30ies of 20th century)

Adelaida Chiroșca
The image of Our Lady of Hârbovăț from the collection of icons of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
The exhibition “In the World of Toys”

Elena Ploșnița
Museum Event 2013: International Project When Sweden was ruled from Moldova

Elena Ploșnița
Museology: an academic discipline or form of cultural activity?

III. Paper and book review


Ion Chirtoagă
Demir Dragnev, Istorie și civilizație medievală și modernă timpurie în Ţările Române. Studii și materiale, Chișinău: Cartdidact-Civitas, 2012, 596 p. ISBN 978-9975-9847-1-3

Maria Danilov
Dinu Poștarencu, Destinul românilor basarabeni sub dominația țaristă, Chișinău: CEP USM, 2012, 546 p. ISBN 978-9975-71-322-1

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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