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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization.

Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.

Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!). The subsequent excavations for 20 years, with more or less lasting interruptions, revealed traces of intense habitation that lasted more than three centuries at a promontory near the village of Butuceni (The Old Orhei Cultural and Natural Reserve), of the largest Getae fortress on the territory of the Republic of Moldova.

Among the vessels discovered by archaeologists, there are some gigantic (analogues of these samples of Getae ceramic ware are currently not known). They are considered vessels for storing supplies, especially grain (it is known that the Getae, the sedentary people of these lands, were engaged in agriculture, cattle breeding and various crafts). Among the cereals grown by the Geto-Dacians, there were wheat, millet, barley, oats, and rye; such products, necessary for the local cuisine, had to be stored for a longer period under special conditions. For these purposes, large vessels (chiups) were used, placed in special places, usually in the cellars.

The chiup vessel from Butuceni is one of the oldest Getae ceramics in the present territory of the Republic of Moldova, discovered during the excavations of G. Smirnov in 1947. The vessel has an ovoid body with a long neck expanding towards the top and a large lip bent outward; it is equipped with four knobs located on the line of the maximum diameter of the body. The chiup is decorated with relief ornaments, different in shape and size, located in different parts of its body: "commas" (schematic rhytons (?)) and wavy lines in the shape of a horseshoe or omega. The color of the vessel varies from dark gray to yellowish; the surface is carefully polished.

Dimensions of the vessel: H - 680 mm; D max - 430 mm; D of the lip - 340x360 mm; H of the neck - 170 mm; D of the bottom - 170 mm.


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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VII [XXII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2013

I. Researches


Valentin Tomuleț
The legal status of călărași in Bessarabia: from Moldovan traditions to the Russian imperial administrative system

Andrei Emilciuc
West- European books in Bessarabia: ways of distribution and government oversight (1812-1862)

II. Papers and surveys


Vasile Mărculeț, Ioan Mărculeț
Byzantine military-administrative units in the Eastern Bulgaria and on the Lower Danube during the reign of John I Tzimisces

Silvia Barcari
Historiographical reflections on local and transit trade relations on the Prut-Dniester area and the Lower Danube (late 13th - 14th century

Лора Тасева
The Kishinev copy of three 14th-century anti-latin writings

Андрей Красножон
On finding of once lost building plates of the 15th century from the fortress of Belgorod

Dumitra Bulei
Cultural life and printed books during the reign of Matei Basarab

Lilia Zabolotnaia
The destiny of woman in the history of Moldavia. Myths and realities about Catherine the Circassian – the second wife of the hospodar Vasile Lupu

Jackson Little
The Slavic kalabalik: the Pruth campaign, Charles XII’s Swedish camp at Bender and the rise of pan-slavism (A Theory on Peter I’s campaign in Wallachia, Moldova and its Legacy)

Alina Felea
Some categories of epitaphs in Moldova and neighboring countries in the 17th - early 19th centuries

Vlad D. Ghimpu
What was the original structural plan of the Church of the Assumption of Our Lady in the Căpriana Monastery?)

Irina Cereș
Aspects of economic relations between the Russian Empire and the Principality of Moldova in the late 18th - early 19th centuries

Игорь Гулянович
Urbanonyms of Southern Bessarabia in the middle of the 19th century (Akkerman, Izmail (Tuchkov), Kiliya): general trends and characteristics

Liliana Condraticova
L’orfèvrerie ecclésiastique du Bessarabie (1812- 1827)

Valentin Tomuleț, Victoria Bivol
Representatives of bourgeois elite in Bessarabia: Greek merchant Pantelei Sinadino (1830-1850)

Igor Cereteu
A manuscript about clergymen of the Nativity Cathedral in Chișinău during 1840-1851

Tatiana Chicaroș
From the history of a private school for girls in Bălți

Cristina Gherasim
Confirmation of the titles of nobility by Bessarabian nobles in the first half of the 19th century: The noble family of Frunzetti (Frunză)

Manole Brihuneț
Des législations sur la consolidation des nécropoles et la construction des églises dans les cimetières dans la première moitié du XIXe siècle

Dinu Poștarencu
Additions and clarifications on the biography of Ioan Pelivan

Cristina Tănase
Charitable activities of the Stroesku’s family in Brașov

Maria Danilov
Valuable books from the library of Paul Gore (Identification and/or inventory of sources)

Silvia Scutaru
Bessarabian clergy during the First World War

Marian Petcu
Three Political and Journalistic Events in Romania (1925-1927)

Alexandru Furtună
Church of St. Elijah in the town of Telenești (from the time of foundation until the beginning of 20th century)

Nicolae Fuștei
The “League of Militant Atheists” (1925- 1947) in the struggle against religion

Angela Lisnic, Nadejda Scobioală
Teachers’ salaries in the totalitarian system

Igor Cașu
National Liberation Movement in the Moldavian SSR, 1989-1991: some contributions

Jerzy Hatłas
The Bulgarians in Transnistria

Gheorghe Pisica
On the multi-party system in the Republic of Moldova

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Les symboles héraldiques de la commune de Lipnic, district d’Ocnița

Sergiu Dobrea
On the origin and development of portable firearms (14th-19th centuries)

Всеволод Образцов, Юрий А. Пятницкий
Holy images on blades: unique swords from the State Hermitage Museum (preliminary publication)

Elena Postică
The exhibition „Soviet Moldova: Between Myths and the Gulag"

Vera Stăvilă
Movie posters from the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Vera Serjant
Agricultural advertising in periodicals of the late 19th - early 20th centuries from the collection of NMHM

Ana Grițco
Amusement places in Chișinău. Cafe Man’kov (Late 19th century - the 30ies of 20th century)

Adelaida Chiroșca
The image of Our Lady of Hârbovăț from the collection of icons of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
The exhibition “In the World of Toys”

Elena Ploșnița
Museum Event 2013: International Project When Sweden was ruled from Moldova

Elena Ploșnița
Museology: an academic discipline or form of cultural activity?

III. Paper and book review


Ion Chirtoagă
Demir Dragnev, Istorie și civilizație medievală și modernă timpurie în Ţările Române. Studii și materiale, Chișinău: Cartdidact-Civitas, 2012, 596 p. ISBN 978-9975-9847-1-3

Maria Danilov
Dinu Poștarencu, Destinul românilor basarabeni sub dominația țaristă, Chișinău: CEP USM, 2012, 546 p. ISBN 978-9975-71-322-1

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

Pottery, especially fired clay vessels, is the most common archaeological material found at the sites of the Thracian-Getae-Dacian civilization. Specific to the Getae ceramics is the hand-shaping of vessels, without a potter's wheel, unknown, by the way, to our most distant ancestors in the 6th-3rd centuries BC.Getae potters used a porous clay body made of clay mixed with various ingredients like crushed shards and shells, crushed limestone, coarse sand, and so on to make their wares. When fired in special kiln, wares acquired different colors and shades: from black to gray or yellowish-red. The richest collection of Getae vessels on the territory of the Republic of Moldova comes from the Getae fortress of Butuceni, where for the first time in 1946 the Russian archaeologist G. Smirnov discovered the remains of the fortress with the remains of stone walls and earthen ramparts, which he called a Scythian fortress (sic!)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2021 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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