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#Exhibit of the Month

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The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt.
Such buckles are accessories of ceremonial and everyday costumes, they were worn by both prince's courtiers and commoners in the Romanian principalities during the reign of the Phanariots, when the influence of Greek culture increased.

Throughout the Balkan Peninsula, silversmiths' workshops produced buckles very different in size, alloys, technique, style, and decoration. Turkish buckles were usually lace-like, often gilded, with many stones, emphasizing opulence. At the Bulgarians and Aromanians, they are simpler, but have a specific model and symbolism. Greek buckles are mostly silver, elegantly shaped, decorated with corals and small coins. The difference between the West and the East in this regard lies in the ability of the Turks to combine other materials with precious stones. Another feature is the predominance of floral motifs over the representations of animals and birds. The peoples under Ottoman rule assimilated these features and integrated them into their own cultures.

The buckles exhibited testify to the presence of a jewelry workshop in the town of Orhei in Bessarabia in the second half of the 19th century, and the quality of workmanship, the fine processing of the details, the complex composition denote the mastery and skill of the craftsmen.

Similar in style, these three buckles are two-piece, germinating seed-shaped, with strongly pronounced tips. The border is decorated with a garland motif, which circumscribes floral decorative elements. Hook and loop fastening is covered with a decorative button. On the reverse side, both sides are equipped with two plus two vertical straps with which the belt was attached.

The buckles are made of silver, as evidenced by the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", applied according to the regulations on both parts of the buckle, and the hallmark stamp of the jewelry workshop in Orhei - the symbol of oak in a stylized shield. The quality of the metal and workmanship is also certified by the stamp of the assayer, moreover, one of the buckles was expertized by Dmitry Tiunov and has a "ДТ" (DT) stamp on it. On both parts of the buckle, the year of manufacture 1858 and the stamp of the assayer "ПН" (PN) are stamped. The stamp on the second buckle, the initials "МИ" (MI), indicates only the craftsman who made the product. The third buckle, made in the Orhei workshop, does not have the hallmark stamps required by law on the back side, but retains the same hallmarks stamped on the side of the products: the symbol of oak, the metal fineness hallmark stamp "84", the year of manufacture - 1871, and the initials of the assayer "КС" (KS), identified as Klim Sergeev, who worked from 1868 to 1871.

Between the 1840s and 1870s, wearing buckles became obsolete, and women's fashion completely adopted Western cuts and colors. These accessories came back into fashion around 1870 thanks to Princess Elisabeth, the future Queen of Romania. She introduced at court the fashion for the Romanian national costume, decorated with buckles. Her example was followed by the female elite of that time until the eve of the First World War. And her successor, Queen Maria, with her usual elegance and refinement, continued this fashionable tradition with in the interwar period.

Virtual Tour


Publications Journal „Tyragetia"


Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2011

I. Researches


Lilia Zabolotnaia
Marriage institution during middle ages: obstacles and prohibitions. Exploration of historical anthropology and comparative studies

Bogdan Bucur
Wallachian great boyars in the process of transition from „the old agrarian feudal system” to „the new era of bourgeois revolution”. Critical review of the Stefan Zeletin’s political and economic conception

Andrei Emilciuc
Salt trade in Bessarabia in the context of the inclusion of the province in the economic system of the Russian Empire (1812-1850)

Yuri Pyatnitsky
An Imperial Eye to the Past: Byzantine exhibitions in the State Hermitage museum, 1861-2006

II. Papers and surveys


Silvia Barcari
Some considerations about the location of Vicina (the late 13th - the 1st half of the 14th centuries) reflected in the Romanian historiography

Vasile Mărculeț
Considérations concernant le titre et le statut politique-juridique international des dynastes de la Dobroudja du XIVe siècle

Mihai Onilă
Veprova-Puțintei village, Orhei county – chronology and borders

Sergius Ciocanu
Orhei district Mașcăuți hermitage („al lui Albu pârcălab”) and Mașcăuți estate

Vasile Iucal
Some considerations on the age and origin of name in light Ungheni written documents

Igor Cereteu
Historic events from the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries attested in notes from manuscripts and old books from the Principality of Moldova

Alina Felea
Cantemir’ s wills. Case Study (XVIII - beginning XIX centuries)

Tatiana Chicaroș
Legislative basis of secondary education in the Russian Empire in the modern era

Irina Cereș
Impact of the high taxes imposed upon the population of Romanian principalities during the Russian-Turkish war of 1806-1812

Silvia Pantaz
Certains aspects de la politique impériale russe dans le commerce avec la Principauté de Moldavie (1812-1859)

Cristina Gherasim
About changes in the mentality of the Bessarabian nobility during 1830-1840s

Nicolae Fuștei
Pastoral-social service of the Metropolitan Gabriel Banulescu-Bodoni

Dinu Poștarencu
Petitions of the Bessarabian nobility for the teaching of Romanian language in schools of the province

Maria Danilov
Censorship, library and books (the 19th century)

Александр Пономарёв
New data on Alexander Sturdza from Odessa archives (two unpublished letters of the middle of 19th century)

Valentin Tomuleț
Jewish colonies in Bessarabia in the 19th century

Ion Varta
The first manifest of 1864 against a possible unification of Bessarabia with Romania

Ana Grițco
Pages from the history of hotels in Bessarabia. Deltiologic research (2nd half of 19th - early 20th centuries)

Vera Serjant
Advertisements of trading houses and shops in the Bessarabian press (the late 19th - early 20th centuries)

Лилиана Кондратикова
Le rôle et le place de femme-joaillerie dans l’évolution de l’art décorative du Moldova (1960-1990)

Nicolae Gîrbu
From the history of legal institutions in MSSR (1978-1991)

Ovidiu Turtureanu
Crises of the totalitarian-communist system and aggravation of conflict states in MSSR (1985-1991)

Vera Stăvilă
The “Luceafărul” Republican Theatre for Children and Youth: Pages of History

Octavian Zelinski
Le progrès accomplis dans la réforme macroéconomique dans les pays de la CEI. Recherche comparée avec l‘appui sur la réforme agraire en République de Moldova

Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
The flags derived from the state flag of Republic of Moldova

Ольга Щипакина
Collection of badges from the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova

Gheorghe Pisica
Code of ethics of museums – main operating base of contemporary museum

Sergiu Dobrea
Memorial museum in the Republic of Moldova: typology and classification

Elena Ploșnița
Historical museum and scientific research: technology of the interaction

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
Pedagogy of Cultural Heritage: between illusion and reality

Elena Ploșnița
On a museum exhibition “The Universe of Calendars”

III. Paper and book review


Ion Chirtoagă
Иоганн Тунманн, Крымское Ханство, Симферополь: Таврия, 1991, 92 p.

Maria Danilov
Florin Marinescu, Vlad Mischevca, Cărțile românești din biblioteca mănăstirii athonite Sfântul Pavel, Atena, 2010, 285 p., ISBN: 979-960-85542-3-8

Maria Danilov
Andrei Eșanu, Valentina Eșanu, Moștenirea culturală a Cantemireștilor, Chișinău: Pontos, 2010, 212 p. ISBN 978-9975-51-204-6

Liliana Condraticova
Ion Xenofontov, Războiul din Afghanistan (1979-1989) în memoria participanților din Republica Moldova. Realitatea istorică și imaginarul social. Iași: Lumen, 2010, 544 p.




 

 

Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

The word pafta is of Turkish origin and is used in almost identical forms in Romanian, Greek, Bulgarian, and Serbian languages and some Aromanian dialects, denoting clothing accessories of a functional and decorative use, which secure or catch one's girdle, sash or belt...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2022 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC