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National Museum of History of Moldova
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail.

Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr.

The historian Hesiod tells us about their origins, mentioning that satyrs are wine lovers, and legends also claim that it was the satyrs who saved Ariadne (Aριαδνη), the daughter of King Minos from Crete, who was abandoned by her lover Theseus (Θησεύς) on the island of Naxos (Νάξος).

It is believed that satyrs have tremendous strength and endurance, and also love music, and one of their main attributes is the flute. Also among the attributes of satyrs there are the thyrsus, vessels for wine, and wineskins.

The figurine of a satyr from the NMHM collection is unique. It is made of bronze and has a height of 17 cm. The figurine is made in a stylized manner, the character is presented in a standing position, as if he is holding something in his right hand, and his left hand is damaged. The left leg is also not completely preserved. Some researchers consider it to be the handle of a vessel (possibly of a cup). Certainly, the object had a symbolic character.

We assume that this artifact belongs to the period of Classical Greece and dates back to the 4th century BC.

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Exhibitions




    
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„Early urbanism in prehistoric Europe: the case of the Tripillia mega-sites”  

September 9 – November 6, 2015
The international traveling exhibition „Trypillia Megasites" was organized as part of the UK-Ukrainian project „Early urbanism in prehistoric Europe: the case of the Trypillia mega-sites" (2012-2016), funded by Arts and Humanities Research Council (AHRC)...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Painting exhibition „Metamorphoses of space III” 

August 28th - September 6th 2015
On august 28th, in the ground floor hall of the National Museum of History of Moldova was opened an exhibition of Ukrainian plastic artists from the Republic of Moldova with the generic „Metamorphoses of space III"...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
"Ion Ungureanu, a destiny lit by the Evening Star" 

August 1 - September 15, 2015
The National Museum of History of Moldova invites you to visit the exhibition "Ion Ungureanu, a destiny lit by the Evening Star", dedicated to the illustrious scholar, former Minister of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, artist of the people, laureate of the National Prize, Knight of the Order of the Republic...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Exhibition dedicated to the Academy “Stefan cel Mare” of the Ministry of Internal Affaires 

June 30 - July 12, 2015
On 30 June 2015, the National Museum of History of Moldova opened a temporary exhibition reflecting the history of the Academy "Stefan cel Mare" of the Ministry of Internal Affaires to celebrate the 25th anniversary of its founding...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Origami exhibition „My sweet childhood” 

May 27th – June 10th 2015
On the occasion of the International Children's Day, at the National Museum of History of Moldova will be organized an origami exhibition with the generic „My sweet childhood". The exhibition will be on display in the hall on the ground floor and is organized in collaboration with the Association "Origami Moldova"...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
“Burning Candela of Faith”  

May 16 - September 15, 2015
The Exhibition "Burning Candela of Faith" is organized by the Sector of Medieval History and Numismatics, coordinator A. Chiroșca, for the promotion of the collection of marial icons from the museum's collections. It gathers around 90 icons painted in tempera and oil on wood, which are representative by the multitude of marial types, different styles and painting techniques...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
“The works of Voltaire, the great French figure of the Enlightenment – part of the Koch’s book collection from the Scientific Library of the State University of Medicine and Pharmacy named after Nicolae Testemitanu” 

May 16th – 31st, 2015
The exhibition was organized in collaboration with the Scientific Library of the State University of Medicine and Pharmacy named after Nicolae Testemitanu in order to familiarize the public with the old and rare books of the Koch's collection...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
„The oak from Caracui” 

May 12 - August 1, 2015
The exhibition „The oak from Caracui" is dedicated to the centenary from the birth of academician Nicolae Corlăteanu, founder of Romanian linguistics in the Republic of Moldova and well-known professor, Laureate of the State Prize, Emeritus of Science, Chevalier of the Order of the Republic, author of more than 550 scientific and memorial works...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
„In the beginning was ... The Clay" 

April 16th, 2015 - January 18th, 2016
Since ancient times, the clay played an important role in the daily life of human communities. In expressing the primary role of the earth in human life, the legends and universal (Akkadian, Chinese etc.) mythology, also the Bible considers than Man himself was created from earth clay...


National Museum of History of Moldova, 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova

 



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Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
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#Exhibit of the Month

Among the Greek mythological figures, there is a satyr (Ancient Greek: Σάτυρος), also called Silenus, a male spirit of nature and forest, known to be the companion of the gods Pan and Dionysus. Satyrs were imagined as dancing in the fields, drinking wine with Dionysus and chasing maenads and nymphs. According to the descriptions in myths, they had human-like upper part of the body and the horse-like or goat-like legs, and also a long and bushy tail. Gradually, animalistic features in the image of a satyr recede, their lower limbs become human (legs, not hooves). The satyr Marsyas (Μάρσιας) plays a special role in Greek legends. Sometimes the god Pan is depicted in the guise of a satyr...

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