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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located. However, the main decorative element is the images of four peacocks turned to the right, with a snake in the beak, arranged on all the arms of the cross. The image of the peacocks is rendered in an artistic way, and their tails are stylized in the shape of a palmette.
The peacock, originated from India, due to its luxurious fan-shaped tail, was considered a symbol of the Sun. In ancient Greece, they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Hera, and in ancient Rome they were considered the sacred birds of the goddess Juno. In Kievan Rus', the peacock (the Firebird) also symbolized the Sun. In the West, the peacock was considered a snake killer, and the iridescent colors of its tail were attributed to its ability to turn snake venom into solar substance. Since snakes in Iranian symbolism were considered enemies of the sun, it was believed that the peacock killed snakes, in order to create "eyes" from their saliva, iridescent with a bronze-green and gold-blue color on the feathers of its tail. Due to the bright splendor of the male peacock's tail, it has been compared with immortal gods and, therefore, with immortality. Peacocks are known as an emblem of greatness, royal authority, spiritual superiority, ideal creation.

In the early period of Christianity, the peacock was a symbol of love, resurrection, immortality, beauty, eternity of the soul, the all-seeing eye of the Church, and the peacock feather was the emblem of Saint Barbara. The image of peacocks with snakes in their beaks on the cross is not at all accidental; it symbolizes the victory of Christ over evil.

On the back side of the cross, traces of fixing are preserved, probably of a pin (missing), so the object served as a brooch (fibula), which was probably attached to the fabric. The piece is presumably dated back to the 9th-12th centuries.

The object has the following dimensions: height - 125 mm; width - 86 mm; weight - 47 g.


 
National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. V [XX], nr. 1, Arheologie. Istorie Antică

Chișinău, 2011

I. Researches


Florin Gogâltan, Ana Ignat
Siebenbürgen und dem Schwarzmeerraum. Die ersten Kontakte (cca. 4500-3500 v. Chr.)

Tudor Soroceanu
„Gladius barbarico ritu humi figitur nudus". Schriftliches, Bildliches und Ethnologisches zur Bedeutung der Schwerter und der Schwertdeponierungen außerhalb des militärischen Verwendungsbereiches

Aurel Zanoci
Zur Typologie und Entwicklung der Befestigungsanlagen östlich der Karpatengebirge im 12./11.-3. Jh. v. Chr.

Флорин Курта
A woman from Dănceni, or bow fibulae of Werner's class II C

II. Papers and surveys


Vasile Diaconu, Bogdan-Petru Niculică
Stone scepters belonging to the Bronze Age, discovered in Suceava County

Mariana Sîrbu
Manufacture of items of hard materials of animal origin during the Late Bronze Age (the Noua-Sabatinovka cultural complex)

Ion Niculiță, Andrei Nicic
Funerary practices in the Early Iron Age site of Saharna-Dealul Mănăstirii

Владимир Мойжес
Ardanovo hill-fort

Jan Bouzek
The Belozerka fibulae in a broader context

Jerzy Hatłas, Octavian Munteanu
Domed tombs of Thrace - 160 years of research

Елена Фиалко
Panoply of Scythian Female Warriors

Tatiana Samojlova, Natalia Mateevici
Female names on Rhodes amphora manufacturers' stamps (on the basis of amphora finds from Tyra)

Bernard Moinier, Marius Alexianu
Sel et vins dans l'antiquité gréco-romaine

Игорь Прохненко
To the Question about the Loss of the Hill-fort Ekimauci

Ion Tentiuc, Valeriu Bubulici
Finds of coins in the late medieval cemetery of the Măzărache Church in Chișinău (excavations of 2010)

Ana Boldureanu
The chronicle of monetary discoveries (V)

Ana Boldureanu, Adelaida Chiroșca, Elena Revenco
Medieval coin hoard of the 16th century from Parcani, Soroca District, Republic of Moldova

III. Protection of archaeological heritage


Ion Tentiuc, Mariana Vasilache
On the question of archaeological sites in Chișinău (Catalogue of archaeological sites)

Sergiu Musteață
A new law - a new perspective for the archaeological heritage preservation in the Republic of Moldova

IV. Paper and book review


Mariana Vasilache
Cornelia Magda Lazarovici, Gheorghe Lazarovici, Arhitectura neoliticului și epocii cuprului din România. I. Neoliticul, II. Epoca cuprului, Iași: Editura Trinitas, 2006, Vol. I - 734 p. ISBN 978-973-7834-7; 2007, Vol. II - 524 p. ISBN 978-973-7834-74-4

Eugeniu Mistreanu
Lidia Dascălu, Bronzul Mijlociu și Târziu în Câmpia Moldovei, Iași: Editura Trinitas, 2007, 411 p. ISBN 978-973-155-033-6

Valeriu Banaru
Griechen, Skythen, Amazonen. Ausstellungskatalog, Pergamonmuseum, Berlin, 14. Juni bis 21. Oktober 2007 (Antikensammlung Staatliche Museen zu Berlin, Institut für Klassische Archäologie der Freien Universität Berlin). Hrsg. von Ursula Kästner, Martin Langner und Britta Rabe. Berlin, 2007. 84 p. + 115 figuri alb-negru și color

Vlad Vornic
Vasile Ursachi, Săbăoani. Monografie arheologică, vol. II, Iași, 2010, 211 pag.+252 ilustr., ISBN 978-973-152-189-3

V. In Memoriam


Natalia Mateevici
In memoriam Nicolae Chetraru



 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
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Aeneolithic Age
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Palaeolithic Age

  
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#Exhibit of the Month

From the early days of Christianity, the cross meant not only an instrument of torture, but also a symbol of victory over death, a symbol of salvation. The object is made of silver, having the shape of a Byzantine cross with trapezoidal edges of the arms. The side arms and the one at the bottom seem to be turned inside a vessel (chalice (?)) with the trapezoidal "foot". The arms of the cross and of the "chalice" were ended with a decorative element in the shape of a sphere (drop). The cross has a decoration in relief, executed in the technique of filigree and granulation, consisting of drops, double and triple cords, circles with a drop in the center, and trefoils (?). In the center of the cross, at the intersection of the arms, there is a round mount with a cord-like edge, in which the pomegranate fruit is located...

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