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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816.

Soon the icon became very popular, and its fame increased enormously thanks to the healings that occurred thanks to the intercession of the Mother of God; the names of the healed people, their place of residence and sufferings were described in periodicals. Archimandrite Seraphim, hegumen of the monastery in from 1805 to 1827, mentioned the special veneration of the icon of the Mother of God from the Hârbovăţ Monastery by Orthodox people who are always looking for help and intercession from this icon of the Empress of The World. Believers called it a wonder-making icon even before the Holy Synod issued Decree No. 526 of January 26, 1859, signed by Emperor Alexander II, proclaiming the icon of the Our Lady of Hârbovăţ as the Wonder-Making. Recognizing the miraculous properties of this icon, the Holy Synod also organized religious processions with the delivery of the icon to Chişinău on October 1 and its subsequent return to the monastery on April 23.

The icon of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ is one of the earliest and most popular types of the Theotokos icons, that of Hodegetria. In this iconographic depiction, the Mother of God and the Child are presented in a frontal position, looking at the one who is praying. The Mother of God holds the Child on Her left hand, and with Her right hand points to Him, the Child blesses with His right hand, holding in His left hand a sacred scroll – a symbol of the Gospel. Regarding the images, it should be said that the icons of the Herbovets Mother of God differ from the traditional icons of the Hodegetria type in a special relationship between the characters, their mutual affection is expressed in poses, in the tilt of the heads, in the gentle expression of the Child’s face. We can say that in the iconography of the Mother of God of Hârbovăţ, features of two different types of Theotokos are harmoniously combined: the Mother of God Hodegetria, or Our Lady of the Way, and the Mother of God Eleusa, or the Virgin of Tenderness.

Exact copies of this icon are still kept in the summer church of the Noul Neamţ Monastery in the village of Chiţcani (Căuşeni), in the Intercession of the Blessed Virgin Church in the village of Sîrcova (Rezina), in the All Saints Church in Chişinău (early 20th century), in the Transfiguration Cathedral in Bolgrad, in the Transfiguration Monastery in Tatarbunary, in the Saint Paraskeva Church in the village of Furatovka (Odessa Oblast), in the Saint Archangel Michael Monastery in Odessa, in the Ascension Monastery in Teplodar (Ukraine), in the Holy Trinity Monastery in the village of Mramor, near Topolovgrad (Bulgaria), in the Holy Great Martyr Theodore Tyron Cathedral in Chişinău, in the Saint Prince Alexander Nevsky Cathedral in Ungheni, and other churches.

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National Museum of History of Moldova
 

Publications Journal „Tyragetia"

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie
ISSN 1857-0240
E-ISSN 2537-6330

Tyragetia, serie nouă, vol. VIII [XXIII], nr. 2, Istorie. Muzeologie

Chișinău, 2014

I.   Researches


Lilia Zabolotnaia
New research areas in the modern historical science of Moldova. Results and Prospects

Elena Chiaburu
New interpretations of the origin and the name of Gavriil Bănulescu (Bodoni)

II. Papers and surveys


Răzvan Mihai Neagu
Considerations regarding the catholic dioceses founded by the popes of Avignon outside the Carpathians: the bishopric of Milcova and the bishopric of Siret

Vasile Mărculeț
Jerémias - un métropolite ignoré de la Hungrovalachie du début du XVe siècle

Mihai Onilă
From the history of Săseni village of the Orhei County in 15th-18th centuries

Irina Cereș
Jewish merchants' role in expanding trade relations between the Russian Empire and the Principality of Moldova in the late 18th and early 19th centuries

Alina Felea
From family history in the Romanian space: Alcoholism and family relations in the 18th century in Moldavia and in the first decades of the 19th century in Bessarabia

Valentin Tomuleț
Taxation of the mazili and ruptași social categories in Bessarabia under the Tsarist domination (1812-1847)

Dinu Poștarencu
The population census of Bessarabia in 1824

Tatiana Chicaroș
Development of secondary education in Bessarabia in 1833-1871

Eugen-Tudor Sclifos
Prince Mihail Sturdza and his relations with Russia

Valentin Tomuleț
The establishment and activity of Lancasterian schools in Bessarabia in the 1820s-1840s

Igor Cereteu
Pages from the history of the Hâncu Monastery library

Marian Petcu
Advertising of slave trade in the Romanian principalities

Владимир Морозан
The Commission for Revision of Actions of the Bessarabian Assembly of Nobility

Liviu Papuc
20 old and rare books from the library of Paul Gore

Maria Danilov
Reference points in the historiography of the Noul Neamț Monastery. Issues and interpretations

Mihail Iliev
The Society for the Protection of War Orphans. The Chișinău Regional Committee (1918-1924)

Nicolae Fuștei
The Soviet state bodies, aimed to address the problems of religious denominations in the interwar period (1918-1940)

Sergiu Tabuncic
The 1941 villages census - an important source for studying local history

Marius Tărîță
Aspects of the Moldavian Soviet writers' activity in 1942-1944

Cristina Tănase
Military operations of the 2nd Mountain Division in the territory between the Prut and Bug (July 3 - August 17, 1941)

Liliana Condraticova
Archival documents as a source for the research of jewelry for church use

Yuri Pyatnitsky
A seal of the Church of the Holy Sepulcher of the 17th century from the State Hermitage Museum collection, Saint Petersburg

Elena Ploșnița, Tatiana Buianina
The cost of a visit to the museum: Analysis of a survey

Andrei Emilciuc
Western European dictionaries and encyclopedias from the collections of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Elena Postică
Memoirs - important resource of reconstructing the ordeal of deportations

Sergiu Dobrea
Some considerations on the museum exhibition „Arms and Military Equipment: the Evolution in Time"

Vera Stăvilă
Concert posters from the National Museum of History of Moldova

Ecaterina Bondarenco
Restoration of headwear from the National Museum of History of Moldova

Vera Serjant
The magazine „Kishinyovskie Eparkhial′nye Vedomosti" („Chisinau Diocesan Journal") as a means of advertising (1867-1917)

Adelaida Chiroșca
Icons of the Intercession in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova

Ana Grițco
Royal visit to Chișinău (1920) - images and history

Lucia Marinescu-Tonu
Museum of Astronomy and Related Sciences in Rio de Janeiro - between science and public

Elena Ploșnița
Anniversary celebrations at the National Museum of History

III. Paper and book review


Silviu Andrieș-Tabac
Muzeul Național de Istorie a Moldovei. The National Museum of History of Moldova. Национальный музей истории Молдовы. 1983-2003: [album]. Volum elaborat de Eugen Sava, Aurelia Cornețchi, Elena Postică, Elena Ploșnița, Chișinău: Casa Editorial-Poligra

Ion Eremia
Mihai Maxim, O istorie a relațiilor româno-otomane, cu documente noi din arhivele turcești. Vol. I. Perioada clasică (1400-1600), Brăila: Editura Istros a Muzeului Brăilei, 2012, 606 p. ISBN 978-606-654-026-1

Diana Cașu
Lilia Zabolotnaia, Femeia în relațiile de familie din Ţara Moldovei în contextul european până la începutul secolului al XVIII-lea (căsătorie, logodnă, divorț), Chișinău: Pontos, 2011, 344 p. ISBN 978-9975-51-278-7

Ion Chirtoagă
Ion Ţurcanu, În căutarea originii numelui Basarabia, Chișinău: Labirint, 2010, 190 p. ISBN 978-9975-948-21-0

Maria Danilov
Dumitru Th. Pârvu, Problema Basarabiei în lumina principiilor actelor juridice internaționale (Contribuții la cunoașterea raporturilor diplomatice româno-ruse). Studiu introductiv, note și indice de nume de Ion Constantin, București: Editura Bibliote

Svetlana Suveică
Hildrun Glass, Deutschland und die Verfolgung der Juden im rumänischen Machtbereich, 1940- 1944 (Germania și persecutarea evreilor în spațiul de putere românesc, 1940-1944), München:Oldenburg Verlag, 2014, 304 p. ISBN 978-3-486-72293-2

 IV.   In memoriam


Памяти Любови Иосифовны Малаховой

 


 

 


Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age

  
  
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#Exhibit of the Month

It is said that the icons, by the divine grace they have, choose their own places from where they can manifest their powers of blessing and consolation. It so happened that one icon of the Mother of God has remained on our lands from the end of the 18th century, when the battles of the Russo-Turkish war of 1787-1791 took place here. The circumstances of the appearance of this icon in Bessarabia are confirmed by several historical references, from which it follows that the Russian officer N.A. Albaduev, a participant in the military campaign, brought this icon here with him, and after his death his relatives – the colonel’s wife or his mother – gave this icon to the monastery, where he suddenly died when he came there on Christmas to receive communion. The icon of the Mother of God was initially placed in the old wooden church, where the officer’s grave was located, and then was placed in the new Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin, built and consecrated in 1816..

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