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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Scientific symposium “Bibliophile values from the national heritage”

30 April 2014

On the occasion of the bicentenary from the opening of the first printing house (May 30th, 1814) at the Eparchy of Chișinău and Hotin, the National Museum of History of Moldova, the Modern and Contemporary History Sector, organized on 30th April 2014 the scientific symposium "Bibliophile values from the national heritage"

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Roundtable „Hansca - archaeological site and excavation site-school. 50 years from the beginning of research"

17 April 2014

On the occasion of the International Day for Monuments and Sites the National Museum of History of Moldova organized a roundtable with the generic „Hansca - archaeological site and excavation site-school. 50 years from the beginning of research", moderated by conf. dr. Ion TENTIUC, head of Archaeology and Old History Sector of the National Museum of History of Moldova

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Event for the commemoration of writer Dumitru Matcovschi

10 April 2014

The Year of Dumitru Matcovschi was marked on April 10 at the National Museum of History of Moldova in cultural-educational event entitled "The poet who taught us flying high, longing and crying"

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Symposium commemorating a centenary from the birth of architect David Palatnic

10 February 2014

Architect David Palatnic was commemorated within the framework of a symposium organized on February, 10th at the National Museum of History of Moldova. The event celebrated 100 years from the birth of the distinct architect, author of multiple building projects from Chișinău and other towns from the republic - public buildings, buildings of social and cultural vocation, residential buildings.

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Roundtable „Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova”

20 December 2013

>On December 20th, 2013 as part of the events consecrated to the 30th anniversary from the foundation of the National Museum of History of Moldova, there was organized with the support of Ministry of Culture the round table "Policies of conservation and restoration of museum heritage in Republic of Moldova"

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Solemn assembly dedicated to the anniversary of the National Museum of History of Moldova

20 December 2013

December 21, 2013 marked the 30th anniversary of the founding of the National Museum of History of Moldova. On this occasion, Friday, December 20, there were organized a series of festive events.

A solemn assembly was attended by the members of current staff of the National Museum of History of Moldova and former museum employees, who devoted their careers to this institution, as well as colleagues from the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, National Museum of Arts, A.S. Pushkin's House-Museum, Museum of History and Ethnography from Balti, Museum of History and Ethnography from Criuleni, Museum of History and Regional Studies from  Edinet, and Alexe Mateevici‘s House-Museum from Zaim - Causeni. Among the guests of honor there were the representatives of the Ministry of Culture, Academy of Sciences of Moldova, State University of Moldova, "Stefan cel Mare" Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, „Mihai Eminescu" Romanian Cultural Institute, and friends of the museum - Galina Cobirman, Maria Paraschiv, Ala Barladeanu and Silviu Tabac

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The trilateral meeting of ICOM Romania, ICOM Ukraine and ICOM Moldova

20 October 2013

On 17th to 20th October 2013, ICOM Romania organized in Ploiești and Bucharest the trilateral meeting of the bureau members of National Committees of ICOM Romania, Ukraine and Moldova. ICOM Moldova was represented at the meeting by Valeria Suruceanu, ICOM president, Elena Ploșnița, ICOM secretary, Tudor Zbârnea, Alexandru Levinschi - members of ICOM Moldova Bureau. On the agenda of the meeting was also the Sympozium „Traditionalism and modernity in east-European museography". Many topics of modern museography were discussed, highlighting the need of modernizing permanent exhibitions, change of museum attitudes towards the requirements of visiting public, need of social-psychological research and implementation of marketing policies in museums


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Annual Scientific Session of the Museum 2013

4 October 2013

As part of the institutional project „Scientific valorification and promotion of various categories of museum heritage"(2013-2014) was organized the 23rd edition of the yearly session of scientific communications on October 3rd and 4th, 2013. This year the session was opened by welcome words from dr.hab. Eugen Sava, general director of the museum, Victor Ghilaș, scientific secretary of Humanistic Sciences Section of ASM, univ. prof. Ion Eremia, State University of Moldova, Sergiu Musteață, dean of History and Ethno-pedagogy Department of State Pedagogical University „I.Creangă". Their speeches are messages of appreciation of museum collaborators efforts towards scientific research and public valorization of museum heritage

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The 14th Numismatics Symposium

28 September 2013

On 26th and 28th September, 2013 at the National History Museum of Moldova there was held the 14th Numismatics Symposium organized in collaboration with the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan” of the Romanian Academy from Bucharest and the Numismatic Society from the Republic of Moldova. The current edition was dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Moldavan Leu. This event was attended by numismatics specialists and collectors from Germany, Romania, Belarus, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine and Republic of Moldova. 33 papers were presented at the Symposium.

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Regional seminar „Contemporary museum marketing – problems and achievements”

13 September 2013

On 12th and 13th September, at the museum there was held the regional seminar „Marketing in contemporary museum - problems and achievements". The seminar was organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova in collaboration with ICOM Moldova. At the seminar participated experts, scientific researchers and museographers from Republic of Moldova, Romania and Ukraine. The seminar debuted with opening and welcome speeches by dr. hab. Eugen Sava, general director of the museum and Valeria Suruceanu, president of ICOM Moldova. The expert of the seminar was dr. Alexandra Zbuchea (Romania) which presented a radiography of East-European museum marketing. The presented papers focused on original subjects regarding museum marketing in national and regional museums, they revealed the achievements and the problems existing in this field and envisaged a perspective for the implementation of marketing in museum institutions.

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Independent Moldova
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Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
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Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC