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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



International Conference „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova"

1 February 2013

International Conference „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova" was held in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova from 1 to 2 February 2013. It was dedicated to the 300th anniversary of the Kalabalik at Varnița and Swedish King Charles XII's stay in Bender and Varnița during the time from 1709 to 1713

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Presentation of the international project „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova”

1 February 2013

On February 1, 2013 in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was a presentation of the project „When Sweden was ruled from Moldova". It is an international project born in the Swedish scientific community and aimed to preserve historical memory, promote cultural historical heritage that reflects a common segment of the Moldavian-Swedish-Turkish history related to the name of Swedish King Charles XII, and to deepen the collaboration between Swedish, Turkish, and Moldavian researchers. The project has several components - scientific conference in Chisinau, Istanbul, and Stockholm; a thematic exhibition in Chișinău; visiting historical places in Bender (Tighina) and Varnița related to the name of Swedish King Charles XII.

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Book Presentation "Press and Censorship in Bessarabia. DOCUMENTS (19th - early 20th centuries)"

11 December 2012

On Tuesday, December 11, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the presentation of the book "Press and Censorship in Bessarabia. DOCUMENTS (19th - early 20th centuries)", Pontos Publishing House, Chișnău, 2012, 212 p. (author: Maria Danilov). The book appeared in the series "Unpublished Histories and Documents, Monographs 5"

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The ceremony of presentation of a copy of the Stephen the Great’s sword

5 November 2012

On Monday, November 5, 2012, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, in the room of medieval history, it was held the ceremony of presentation of the Stephen the Great's sword, recently received as a gift from the Prime Minister of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdoğan by the Prime Minister Vlad Filat

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Book Presentation "Romanians, Bessarabia and Transnistria"

1 November 2012

On November 1, 2012, at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the presentation of book "Romanians, Bessarabia and Transnistria" by Ioan and Luiza Popa (Bucharest, 2012)

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Annual Scientific Session of the Museum 2012, 22nd Edition

12 October 2012

From 11 to 12 of October 2012 at the museum there was held the 22nd Scientific Session. The session was opened with the speeches made ​​by famous scientists and men of culture. There was presented No. 1 and 2 of the museum's scientific journal "Tyragetia" for 2012

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National Symposium „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire"

5 October 2012

 
On October 5, 2012 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova in collaboration with Vyacheslav Cebotari's Academy of Arts Foundation SVERCHKARTINA from St. Petersburg organized the 2nd National Symposium (with international participation) „Integration of nobility of Bessarabia in socio-political, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire" dedicated to the memory of Alexandru Matei Cotruta (1827-1905)

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THE 13TH NUMISMATIC SYMPOSIUM

7 September 2012

Between 5 to 9 September 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova it was held the 13th Numismatic Symposium organized in collaboration with the "Vasile Pârvan" Institute of Archaeology of the Romanian Academy from Bucharest and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. It was attended by numismatists and collectors from the Republic of Moldova, Romania, and Ukraine. There were presented over 30 scientific papers on the general issues of numismatics, as well as related to the study of numismatic material discovered in the Republic of Moldova and in the countries of origin of participants

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Scientific Symposium "Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky"

10 August 2012

The Scientific Symposium "Works of Architect Valentin Voitsekhovsky" held on August 10, 2012 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, along with the opening of the exhibition with the same name, was organized to commemorate 35 years from the death of architect V. Voitsekhovsky, who has greatly contributed to the reconstruction of postwar Chisinau and the urban construction in the country

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Festive meeting dedicated to the professional holiday "Historian’s Day"

18 June 2012

On June 18, 2012, at the National Museum of History and Archaeology of Moldova (Blue Room) there was held a festive meeting dedicated to the professional holiday "Historian's Day" established by Government Decision no. 427 of

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC