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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Annual Scientific Session 2010

15 October 2010

On October 14 – 15, 2010 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova organizes the 20th Annual Scientific Session.

PROGRAM

Thursday, October 14, 2010

10.00 – 10.30:
Opening of the Scientific Session (ground floor, 1st room) Brief speeches Eugen Sava, General Director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova Mariana Slapac, Vice President of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova Gheorghe Postica, Deputy Minister of Culture of the Republic of Moldova Gheorghe Cojocaru, Director of the Institute of History, State and Law of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova Mihai Ursu, General Director of the National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History

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International Festival of Choral Music

14 October 2010

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted the National Music Part of the 3rd International Festival of Choral Music held by the Music and Choral Association of the Republic of Moldova. In the Blue Room of the museum there sang choral groups from Georgia, Latvia, Romania, Russia, and the Republic of Moldova.

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Discussion on the topic: “Migration and Multi-ethnicity in the Past and at Present”

12 October 2010

The event was organized by the Moldova-Institut Leipzig, Friedrich-Ebert Foundation, Moldavian-German Forum, National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and the Institute for Development and Social Initiatives “Viitorul”. It was attended by cultural workers and scientists from the Republic of Moldova and Germany, among which there are Dr. Klaus Bochmann, the Chairman of the Moldova-Institut Leipzig; Igor Corman, the Chairman of the Moldavian-German Forum and the Commission for Foreign Policy and European Integration of the Parliament of the Republic of Moldova; Dr. Vasile Dumbrava, Moldova-Institut Leipzig; Dr. Igor Sharov, State University of Moldova; Dr. Ute Schmidt, Freie Universitat (Berlin); and others.

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Archaeological research at the Mazarache church from Chisinau

12 October 2010

During July – October, 2010 the archaeological expedition of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova carried out investigations near the Mazarache Church from Chisinau and in the cemetery adjacent to the site. In about 40 investigated graves together with other material able to shed light on the time periods when the cemetery was used (pottery, buttons, earrings, rings, etc.) there were found many coins attributed to the medieval and pre-modern times. At the same time, there were discovered a defensive ditch of the Early Iron Age, a cellar of the 17th – 18th centuries, and remnants of an aqueduct of the 19th century

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Round table “Chisinau: from the Atmosphere of the Past, at the Door of the Present”.

6 October 2010

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, in connection with the World Habitat Day, has organized a round table on the topic: “Chisinau: from the Atmosphere of the Past, at the Door of the Present”. The event was attended by Dr. Tamara Nesterov, a researcher from the Architecture Department of the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the ASM; Ion Stefanita, the General Director of the Agency for Inspection and Restoration of Monuments of the Ministry of Culture; Sergiu Brinza, the Head of the Public Relations Department of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova; lecturers and students of the Department of Urbanism and Architecture of the Technical University of Moldova.

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Round table on the topic: “Archaeological Investigations of Human Settlements in the Republic of Moldova in 2010”.

4 October 2010

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova in collaboration with the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, within the framework of the World Habitat Day, held a round table on the topic: “Archaeological Investigations of Human Settlements in the Republic of Moldova in 2010”.  There were presented 5 scientific reports with discussions:

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Book Presentation ”LET’S KNOW EACH OTHER”

23 September 2010

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted a presentation of the publication LET’S KNOW EACH OTHER by Constantin Pawljuk, the Chairman of the Association “Kulturverein Moldova e.V” from Germany. The book published in 2009 in Berlin summarizes the 10-year activity of the cultural association, reflecting its contribution to the cultural exchange between the Republic of Moldova and Germany

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European Heritage Days 2010

20 September 2010

Within the framework of the European Heritage Days the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, the Institute of Cultural Heritage of the Academy of Sciences of Moldova, the State Pedagogical University named after Ion Creanga, and the Centre of Archaeological Research in the Republic of Moldova has hold on September 20 a round table on the topic: ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES IN CHISINAU – THE FIRST SYSTEMATIC INVESTIGATION OF THE CITY

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11th Numismatic Symposium

4 September 2010

On the 3rd and 4th of September, 2010 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was carried out the 11th Numismatic Symposium held by the Museum, the Institute of Archaeology “Vasile Parvan” of the Romanian Academy (Bucharest), and the Numismatic Society of the Republic of Moldova. The event was attended by specialists in numismatics and other related sciences (faleristics, heraldry, toreutics) from France, Romania, Ukraine, Germany, and the Republic of Moldova

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Celebration of the International Museum Day

18 May 2010

 

 

The International Museum Day was celebrated by a series of events conducted in both the Museum edifice and the courtyard.

From 10.00 before the Museum's closing in different places there were conducted three workshops: "Archaeological Object - an Enigma", "Origami", and "Ikebana", where children and adults could practice their creativity and skills.

In the period of time between 12.00 and 18.00 there were showed the best movies of the International Documentary Film Festival CRONOGRAF-2010, a retrospective of the Museum film library Clio.

Music lovers were invited to an outdoor concert of the Ministry of Defence Orchestra, which included traditional brass band pieces.

At 13.00 there was opened an exhibition "History of Military Headgear". The opening was followed by the demonstration of military exercises with the arms and hand-to-hand fighting showed by the military men from the Guard Battalion and the Special Purpose Battalion of the Ministry of Defence.

During the day in the Museum courtyard there was held the Handicraft Fair „Centuries-Old Crafts in Contemporary Vision", the 2nd Edition, where the visitors could admire (and buy) a variety of authentic items.


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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC