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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Symposium „140 years from the birth of architect A.V. Şciusev”

4 September 2013

Alexei Şciusev, architect, historian and art theoretician, architect-academician of Art Academy of the Russian Empire, member of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, born in Chișinău on September, 26th, 1873, was commemorated on Wednesday, September 4th in a symposium. The event was organized by Ludmila Năstase, the head of the Memorial House „Alexei Şciusev", branch of the National Museum of History of Moldova

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Roundtable „Annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in 1812 and disintegration of the Metropolis of Moldova: Developments and consequences”

4 September 2013

On September 4, 2013, at the National Museum of History of Moldova the roundtable „Annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in 1812 and disintegration of the Metropolis of Moldova: Developments and consequences" had place, being organized on the occasion of the sad 200th anniversary of the breakup of the Metropolis of Moldavia (in 1812 military occupation becomes canonical occupation by creating a new diocese in annexed territory: that of Chisinau and Hotin)

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Festive meeting dedicated to the „Historian's Day”

18 June 2013

Since 2011, on June 18 in Moldova is celebrated the Historian's Day. Establishing of this professional holiday is an act of recognition by the state of historians community's contribution to complex process of rehabilitation of scientific truth, is a mark of appreciation for their efforts in spiritual rebirth of our people, the civic consciousness and national identity of which was deeply affected by the old regime. Moreover, this act of formalizing of the guild of historians is a gesture of encouragement to those who do not spare strength to return to national values ​​and support for those who really promotes democratic ​​and the general-human values.

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Workshop “Marketing in the Museums of Chisinau”

24 May 2013

On 20 - 24 May 2013 three national museums of Chisinau took part in a workshop by Dr. Björn Stenvers (Netherlands), a museum marketing specialist, organized by the National Museum of History of Moldova.

The workshop was designed so as to provide ideas and solutions to help museum managers and curators in two important areas - management of museums and efforts to create a common marketing strategy for the three national museums.

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DAY AND NIGHT OF MUSEUMS 2013

18 May 2013

On 18 May there are celebrated International Museum Day and Night of Museums, two of the most important events in the life of worldwide community of museums.

The National Museum of History of Moldova organized a marathon of events dedicated to the Day and Night of Museums, which lasted 15 hours.

The International Museum Day celebrations were held from 11:00 to 18:00, and the program dedicated to The European Night of Museums started at 18:00 and ended at 02:00

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The book presentation dedicated to the National Flag Day of the Republic of Moldova

24 April 2013

On Wednesday, April 24, 2013, at the National Museum of History of Moldova there took place an event in honor of the Tricolor, in the framework of which there was presented the book "Tradiții Militare (Trecut, prezent și viitor)" ("Military Traditions (Past, Present and Future)" by Simion Carp, Ghenadie Chirița, Terentie Carp, and Ecaterina Gîrbu. The book was recently published by the "Bons Offices" Publishing House in the series "Biblioteca „Tyragetia" (XXII)

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Book presentation „Dissenting Democrats. Nation and Democracy in the Republic of Moldova”

4 April 2013

On April 4, 2013, at the National Museum of History there was a presentation of the book Dissenting Democrats. Nation and Democracy in the Republic of Moldova (author Dr. Andreas Johansson). The event, organized by the ARC Publishing House, where the Romanian version of the volume appeared, was attended by several personalities of the historical science of the Republic of Moldova, who expressed their opinion on the contents of the work and the author's concepts, on this very delicate issue for our national history, among whom Dr. Sergiu Musteață (UPS "I.Creanga"), Dr. Igor Cașu (Moldova State University), Dr. Ion Negru (Institute of History, State and Law of the ASM), but also the sociologist and political scientist Arcadie Barbăroșie (Institute of Public Policy)

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Lecture „Marketing in Dutch Museums”

1 March 2013

On March 1, 2013 in the Meeting Room of the museum Dr. Björn Stenvers (Netherlands), a museum marketing specialist, has presented the lecture "Marketing in Dutch Museums". Dr. B. Stenvers has described the path traversed by Dutch museums in the implementation of marketing in museum policies, highlighted issues and results, noting in particular the need for collaboration between museums for survival in the current economic downturn. He has stressed that any museum's work must be based on some of the marketing tools, such as material and technical basis of the institution, museum exhibition as a cultural product, museum shop, the result of certain investigations as scientific product, etc.

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Scientific Conference „BESSARABIAN SCHOOL”

14 February 2013

On 14 February 2013 the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has organized the Scientific Conference "Bessarabian School". The event is part of a series of commemorative activities celebrating the 200th anniversary of the opening of the Theological Seminary in Chisinau (31 January 1813), the first institution of theological studies in the area between the Prut and Dniester

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Book presentation „Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812. The 200th anniversary of the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire. Papers of the International Conference, Chisinau, 26 to 28 April 2012, Reports of Studies"

7 February 2013

On February 7, 2013 at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was a presentation of the book „Bucharest Peace Treaty of 1812. The 200th anniversary of the annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire. Papers of the International Conference, Chisinau, 26 to 28 April 2012, Reports of Studies", Series IDN, C3, Chisinau, Pontos Publishing House, edition of 200 copies, coordinator of the edition Sergiu Musteață. This large format book has 352 pages and contains the works by researchers from Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Greece, and Russia

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC