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#Exhibit of the Month

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This year we commemorate 350 years since the birth and 300 years since the death of Dimitrie Cantemir (October 26, 1673 - August 21, 1723), the most famous Romanian humanist thinker and also the author of the first original Romanian philosophical works.

Dimitrie Cantemir represents one of the highest peaks of thought of his time, in all areas that his genius touched - in historiography, geography, philosophy, he opened up new perspectives for development. The great scholar was well acquainted with the Muslim environment, speaking, in addition to Western, also Eastern languages (Turkish, Persian and Arabic), and also had extensive knowledge in the fields of logic, medicine, natural sciences, astronomy and music. This well-educated Christian beyzade, being a born diplomat, won the trust of Sultan Ahmed III, who favorably allowed him to familiarize himself with the documents of imperial history that Cantemir used in working on his famous work "The Growth and Decay of the Ottoman Empire", which still remains a reference publication in a specialized bibliography.

The National Museum of History of Moldova possesses a German edition of this work, published in Hamburg in 1745. This edition is an impressive volume of 863 pages, accompanied by a preface in German by the editor, containing words of praise and appreciation: "... we consider that such a work of great significance must be known to the Germans in their mother tongue..."

Dimitrie Cantemir was the first scholar to show that the history of the Ottoman Empire divides into two parts. The first part that of growth, includes biographies of 19 sultans and ends around 1672, when the empire entered a new phase, that of political and military decline. Through this work, Cantemir tried to draw attention to the need for an alliance of European countries against Turkish expansion. At the same time, he praised certain aspects of the culture of the Turkish people.

Like "Description of Moldavia", "The Growth and Decay of the Ottoman Empire" enjoyed wide popularity in European countries. The work was first translated into Russian by Dmitry Grozin, but was not printed. After the death of Dimitrie Cantemir, thanks to his son Antiochus, who became the Russian ambassador in London and then in Paris, this fundamental writing of our scholar was translated and published in English (two volumes, 1734-1735, followed by a new edition in 1756) and in French (1743, in four small volumes). In 1745, the work was also published in German. It was read, highly valued and used in their writings by Voltaire, Byron, Victor Hugo and others. This is the first treatise that addresses the issue of Ottoman power and the multicultural nature of the empire. Work on it began during the author's stay in the Ottoman Empire, resumed after 1711, and finished in 1717. This writing brought him European fame and placed him among the great scholars of the time.

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Events Archive



Annual Scientific Session of the Museum 2013

4 October 2013

On October 3rd and 4th, 2013, there was held the annual session of scientific papers of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the 23rd edition. This year, the papers were presented by researchers and museographers from universities, academic and museum institutions from our republic and from abroad: Romania, Ukraine and Russia. The program of the session contained 60 titles with a diverse thematic - museology, history, archaeology. Two publications were launched at the plenary session - no. 1 and no.2 of the museum journal Tyragetia. More details can be found here.

The 14th Numismatics Symposium

28 September 2013

On 26th and 28th September, 2013 at the National History Museum of Moldova there was held the 14th Numismatics Symposium organized in collaboration with the Institute of Archaeology „Vasile Pârvan” of the Romanian Academy from Bucharest and the Numismatic Society from the Republic of Moldova. The current edition was dedicated to the 20th anniversary of the Moldavan Leu. This event was attended by numismatics specialists and collectors from Germany, Romania, Belarus, Russia, Slovakia, Ukraine and Republic of Moldova. 33 papers were presented at the Symposium.

More details, but also the programme and paper abstracts can be found here.

Main sponsor of the Symposium was BC Victoriabank S.A.

Symposium „140 years from the birth of architect A.V. Şciusev”

4 September 2013

Symposium „140 years from the birth of architect A.V. Şciusev”
Alexei Şciusev, architect, historian and art theoretician, architect-academician of Art Academy of the Russian Empire, member of the Academy of Sciences of USSR, born in Chișinău on September, 26th, 1873, was commemorated on Wednesday, September 4th in a symposium. The event was organized by Ludmila Năstase, the head of the Memorial House „Alexei Şciusev", branch of the National Museum of History of Moldova.

At the symposium there were presented short papers on the life and activity of the architect by researchers dr. Tamara Nesterov (Regarding the attribution of some monuments from Moldova to architect A. V. Şciusev), Natalia Iurcenco (An unaccomplished „classics"), Ala Ceastina (Non realized projects by architect A.V. Şciusev), Eugenia Râbalco (Inauguration of the museum dedicated to architect A.V. Şciusev), architect Anatolie Gordeev (Some considerations regarding the reconstruction plan of post-war Chișinău), cinema operator Pavel Balan (Shooting the documentary about architect A.V. Şciusev) and museographer Ludmila Năstase (A forgotten Bessarabian. Files from the activity of Petru Şciusev).

Roundtable „Annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in 1812 and disintegration of the Metropolis of Moldova: Developments and consequences”

4 September 2013

Roundtable „Annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in 1812 and disintegration of the Metropolis of Moldova: Developments and consequences”
On September 4, 2013, at the National Museum of History of Moldova the roundtable „Annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in 1812 and disintegration of the Metropolis of Moldova: Developments and consequences" had place, being organized on the occasion of the sad 200th anniversary of the breakup of the Metropolis of Moldavia (in 1812 military occupation becomes canonical occupation by creating a new diocese in annexed territory: that of Chisinau and Hotin).

The scientific discussion touched upon a number of issues concerning the status of the Moldovan Church in medieval times, interference of the Russian Orthodox Church in the affairs of the Moldavian Orthodox Church (18th century - early 20th century), historiographical controversies regarding the church of Bessarabia during Czarist rule (1812-1917), canonical problem regarding the Archdiocese of Hotin and Chisinau within the Russian Orthodox Church, and others. A special emphasis in the debates was put on the issue of the Diocese of Chisinau and Hotin within the Russian Orthodox Church (1813-1818). It was pointed out that with the creation of new administrative ecclesiastical unit in the annexed territory (Synodal Decree of August 21, 1813) there were violated several canons of the Ecumenical Councils, and the Russian Church became an accomplice and the main actor in the denationalization of the region.

Roundtable „Annexation of Bessarabia to the Russian Empire in 1812 and disintegration of the Metropolis of Moldova: Developments and consequences”
The discussion was attended by Dr. Alexandru Mosanu, honorary member of the Romanian Academy, Honorary President of the Association of Historians of the Republic of Moldova, Academician Andrei Esanu, honorary member of the Romanian Academy, Prof. Demir Dragnev, corresponding member of the ASM, Prof. Pavel Parasca, Dr. Alexei Agachi, Institute of History of ASM, Prof. Gheorghe Palade, MSU, Archpriest Petru Buburuz, parish priest of the Church of Saints Peter and Paul, Metropolis of Bessarabia, Dr. Gheorghe Negru, Institute of History of ASM, Dr. Maria Danilov, National Museum of History of Moldova, Dr. Ion Negrei, Institute of History of ASM, Valeriu Matei, Director of the Romanian Cultural Institute „Mihai Eminescu", Chisinau, honorary member of the Romanian Academy.

The event was organized by the Association of Historians of the Republic of Moldova in collaboration with the Institute of History of the ASM, Romanian Cultural Institute „Mihai Eminescu", Chisinau, and the National Museum of History of Moldova.

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

This year we commemorate 350 years since the birth and 300 years since the death of Dimitrie Cantemir (October 26, 1673 - August 21, 1723), the most famous Romanian humanist thinker and also the author of the first original Romanian philosophical works.Dimitrie Cantemir represents one of the highest peaks of thought of his time, in all areas that his genius touched - in historiography, geography, philosophy, he opened up new perspectives for development...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

menu
The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2023 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC