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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Cultural event “Chisinau is my city”

21 June 2015

On June 21, the Department of Public Relations and Museum Education organized for elderly people a cultural event dedicated to the history and architecture of Chisinau

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Historian’s professional day 2015

18 June 2015

On 18th May, in hall no. 2 on the ground floor of the National Museum of History of Moldova was celebrated the „The professional historian's day" with the participation of researchers and professors of history from the capital and district centers

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Launch of the book „History, truth and myths”

16 June 2015

On June 16th, The National Museum of History of Moldova hosted the book launch „History, truth and myths", Editura Enciclopedică, București, 2014, 400 p., signed by academician univ. prof. dr. Ioan-Aurel Pop, rector of University „Babeș-Bolyai" from Cluj-Napoca, Romania

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The event „Discover Children’s dream planet with Spiridon Vangheli”

1 June 2015

For the celebration of the International Children's Day on June 1st, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized in collaboration with Culture Department of Chișinău municipality an event with the generic „Discover Children's dream planet with Spiridon Vangheli". The event was attended by children with parents, grandparents and educators from Chișinău and different rural areas of the republic

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„History lesson” at the National Museum of History of Moldova

27 May 2015

On May 27th, starting with 16.00 hours, at the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a „History lesson", an even organized in collaboration with the Academy „Ștefan cel Mare" of MIA on the occasion of the International Children's Day

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European film screenings at the National Museum of History of Moldova, in the framework of the Days of Europe 2015

24 May 2015

On May 22nd to 24th, 2015, the Delegation of the European Union in the Republic of Moldova organized at the National Museum of History of Moldova screenings of European film and video promos about EU assistance. The event was held in the framework of the Days of Europe 2015

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The European Night of Museums 2015

16 May 2015

This year the European Museum Night was held on May 16th, under the generic One night at the museum - a time of real fairy tales


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The anniversary of the Victory Day Against Fascism, 70 years from the end of World War II

4 May 2015

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary from the end of World War II at the National Museum of History of Moldova were held two activities, on the 30th April and 4th May, with the generic „World War II. A tragic lesson of 20th century". Pupils from the Theoretical Lyceum „Minerva" and the Republican Music Boarding-School „Serghei Rahmaninov" participated at the event which was held in the Diorama Hall of the museum. Different subjects were approached, such as the horrors of the war, the historic significance of the day of 9th May and the participation of grandfathers in the battlefield and their contribution to peace in Europe. The aim of these actions is knowledge of history, homage of war veterans and promotion of solidarity between generations.

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Round table „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless”

9 April 2015

At the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a round table with the topic „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless" which was organized by the European Fund for the South-Eastern Europe

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC