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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



The anniversary of the Victory Day Against Fascism, 70 years from the end of World War II

4 May 2015

On the occasion of the 70th anniversary from the end of World War II at the National Museum of History of Moldova were held two activities, on the 30th April and 4th May, with the generic „World War II. A tragic lesson of 20th century". Pupils from the Theoretical Lyceum „Minerva" and the Republican Music Boarding-School „Serghei Rahmaninov" participated at the event which was held in the Diorama Hall of the museum. Different subjects were approached, such as the horrors of the war, the historic significance of the day of 9th May and the participation of grandfathers in the battlefield and their contribution to peace in Europe. The aim of these actions is knowledge of history, homage of war veterans and promotion of solidarity between generations.

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Round table „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless”

9 April 2015

At the National Museum of History of Moldova was held a round table with the topic „Evolution of money - from coins to virtual cards and contactless" which was organized by the European Fund for the South-Eastern Europe

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Concert by Baltic Guitar Quartet from Lithuania

10 March 2015

The Baltic Guitar Quartet from Vilnius gave an extraordinary concert in the Blue Room of the museum celebrating the 25th anniversary from the restoration of Lithuanian Independence, an even organized by the Embassy of the Republic of Lithuania in the Republic of Moldova

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Festive meeting dedicated to the International Women's Day at the National Museum of History of Moldova

4 March 2015

On the occasion of 8th March, the National Museum of History of Moldova held a cultural event titled "I kiss your hand, woman", which brought together female employees and collaborators of our institution

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Dragobete Day at National Museum of History of Moldova

23 February 2015

On the eve of traditional Romanian holiday Dragobete, the National Museum of History of Moldova organized in partnership with Esthetic Education Center „Lăstărel" and Theoretical Lyceum „Mircea Eliade" an event to honor ancestral cultural values, traditions and customs

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Evocation „540 years from the victory of Ştefan cel Mare at Vaslui”

10 January 2015

On January 10th, were commemorated 540 years form the battle of Vaslui when prince Ştefan cel Mare obtained one of the most brilliant victories over the Ottoman army

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Activities entitled „A Christmas Dream”

21 December 2014

During the holy feasts of Christmas, National Museum of History of Moldova together with handmade dolls creators of Moldova brought the celebration joy to disadvantaged children from socialization and rehabilitation center "House of Hope", Auxiliary school no. 7 of Chisinau and to several children from families in need of village Pojăreni from Ialoveni rayon

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Yearly session of scientific papers of the National Museum of History of Moldova (the 24th edition)

17 October 2014

On October 16th and 17th, 2014 was held the yearly session of scientific papers of the National Museum of History of Moldova, the 24th edition

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Outdoor Cinema at the National Museum of History of Moldova

26 September 2014

Between 11 to 26 September 2014 the National Museum of History of Moldova hosted in its backyard a novel event for museum institutions in the country - "Under the Stars Movie Night ". The initiative to organize an outdoor film Cinematheque belonged to founders of Social-charity Project  "From heart to heart". It maintains a popular concept abroad - outdoor cinema

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC