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#Exhibit of the Month

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Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM). In particular, in the archaeological exhibition, two bronze cauldrons are displayed, discovered near the village of Nicolscoe in 1988 in burial mounds no. 14 and 15. In addition, in 2020, two bronze cauldrons without any accompanying documents were found in the collection of NMHM; however, they were visually identified as coming from various excavations in the Low Dniester region, such as burial mound no. 45 near Dubăsari and burial mound no. 1 near the Răscăieții Noi village.

The object presented as the exhibit of the month is a little-known find discovered in 1979 in barrow 1 near the village of Răscăieții Noi in the Ștefan Vodă district. In addition to its outstanding size (about 10 m high), this mound is known for discovering a cast bronze finial in the Scythian animal style on its surface in 1953. However, by the beginning of excavations, the locals had damaged part of the mound and a Scythian cast bronze cauldron was found near it. The cauldron was seriously damaged by mechanical impact, as a result of which the rim was deformed, and the walls, with one preserved vertical handle, were bent inwards. Fragments in the upper part of the body and one handle have been lost. The total reconstructed height of the cauldron is 24 cm (excluding the handles), the reconstructed diameter of the hemispherical cauldron is 30 cm, and the weight is 6.5 kg. In 2020, data on the chemical composition of the bronze cauldron alloy were obtained, revealing that it was cast from an alloy of almost 95 per cent copper. Unfortunately, due to the loss of information on the context of the discovery of the cauldron at Răscăieții Noi, it is impossible to link its discovery with one or another Scythian burial of the barrow. Moreover, the grave goods of other Scythian burials of Barrow 1 do not allow them to date below the 4th century BC. However, the cauldron with vertical handles from Răscăieții Noi most likely belongs earlier. This may be indicated by a bronze finial from the first half of the 5th century BC, which was found on this barrow in 1953. In addition, burial 7 from the nearest excavated barrow 2 at Răscăieții Noi, containing a plaque depicting a rolled predator (a copy of which is also on display at the NMHM), belongs to the mid- 5th century BC. Thus, there is a high probability that the cauldron from Barrow 1 at Răscăieții Noi is associated with the late Middle Scythian period or the mid-5th century BC.

Scythian bronze cauldrons in the west area are concentrated in three main regions: Bukovina-Podolia, the Lower Danube, and the Lower Dniester. Some Scythian cauldrons have no reliable archaeological context. Nevertheless, in combination with the same "stray" finds like the Scythian statues, the finds of Scythian cauldrons mark the Scythian presence, most likely not earlier than the late 6th century or even the turn of the 6th-5th centuries BC. The cauldrons first appeared in Bukovina, where they have been known since the middle of the 7th century BC. Bronze cauldrons (with their carriers) entered the steppe region 150-200 years later, and the "military" burials that appeared in the western steppe regions were no earlier than the middle of the 5th century BC. Most burials with cauldrons (and, apparently, the stray finds) are dated back to the second half of the 5th century BC. Then, in the early 4th century BC, their quantity was reduced, and after the first quarter of the 4th century BC, they completely disappeared from the cultural practice of the population of the steppes of the North-Western Black Sea region.

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Events Archive



Museum Education Seminar

30 March 2011

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova held on March 30, 2011, at 10:00, the Museum Education Seminar "Types and Methods of Museum Pedagogy".

The seminar was attended by professionals in the field of public relations from the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, National Art Museum of Moldova, National Museum of Ethnography and Natural History, A.S. Pushkin's House-Museum as well as school teachers and university lecturers from Chisinau

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Scientific conference "93 years after the unification of Bessarabia with Romania"

26 March 2011

National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted on 26 March 2011 in the Blue Room, the scientific conference "93 years after the unification of Bessarabia with Romania" The conference was attended by renowned historians from Republic of Moldova and Romania. In the framework of this scientific manifestation there was presented the Collection of documents : Gheorghe Cojocaru, Operation "South" Chisinau. Операция "Юг» Кишинев, Chisinau, 2010, 484 p.

The conference program can be found here.


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Book Presentation "Historical center of Chisinau at the beginning of 21st century: Directory of architectural monuments"

10 March 2011

The SITe Center (Architecture, Cultural Heritage, and Design) and the ARC Publishing House, in the framework of a public event held at the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, had presented the album "Historical center of Chisinau at the beginning of 21st century: Directory of architectural monuments" considered by experts "an album of national importance".

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Round Table “Entry into force of the Law on the protection of archaeological heritage”

9 March 2011

On March 9, from 11:00, at the Blue Room of the museum there took place the press conference and the round table on "Entry into force of the Law on the protection of archaeological heritage" organized by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Moldova, the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova, and the National Association of Young Historians of Moldova

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Presentation of the Institute of Social History „Pro Memoria"

15 February 2011

The Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova hosted the presentation of the Institute of Social History “Pro Memoria”. The objectives of the new institution are the following: application of new research and teaching methodologies in the field of historical sciences; elaboration, implementation / execution, evaluation and monitoring of various projects at local / national level in order to develop scientific and didactic potential in the field; organizing and participation in seminars, symposia, conferences; dissemination of historical knowledge through local and foreign mass media.

The event was attended by researchers from academic, university, and museum institutions, representatives of diplomatic corps accredited in Moldova.

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Municipal Seminar on History „Development of Museum Heritage to Improve the Learning Process for the Subject of History"

25 January 2011

The National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova has held a methodical seminar on “Development of Museum Heritage to Improve the Learning Process for the Subject of History” attended by teachers of history from schools of the municipality of Chisinau. The event was organized in collaboration with the General Directorate for Education, Youth, and Sports of the Municipality of Chisinau

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Presentation of a series of postage stamps „Exhibits from the Treasury of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova. The Cucuteni-Tripolye Culture”

25 January 2011

 
Tuesday, January 25, in one of the rooms of the permanent exhibition “History and Civilization” the presentation of a new issue of postage stamps „Exhibits from the Treasury of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova. The Cucuteni-Tripolye Culture” had place. The postage stamps were produced by the „Posta Moldovei” State Enterprise on the basis of a cooperation agreement signed with the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova on January 12, 2011 for familiarization of philatelists around the world with unique items from the museum’s collections

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Symposium “Bessarabian Nobility in the Russian Empire during the Reform Period”

1 December 2010

On November 30 – December 1, 2010 the Modern History Department of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova held the National Symposium Bessarabian Nobility in the Russian Empire during the Reform Perioddedicated to the 105th anniversary of the Alexandru Matei Cotruta’s death (1827-1905).

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Round Table “Human Rights, Democracy, and Constitutional State”

13 November 2010

Within the framework of the 12th International Symposium “Romanians from Abroad” on November 13, 2010 at 11:30 in the Blue Room of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova there was hosted the Round Table “Human Rights, Democracy, and Constitutional State” held by ASTRA.  Greetings to the participants were addressed by Elena Postica, Ph.D., Deputy Director of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova; Ion Negrei, Deputy Prime Minister of the Republic of Moldova; Areta Mosu, President of the Iasi ASTRA Department “Mihail Kogalniceanu”; Victor Grecu, Vice  President of ASTRA, Sibiu. In the discussion there were also participated Teodor Carnat, the President of the Helsinki Committee for Human Rights in the Republic of Moldova; Victor Axenti; Claudia Partole, Maria Danilov, PhD; Viorel Hodis, PhD (Cluj-Napoca), Gheorghe Iutis, PhD (Iasi); Gheorghe Marzenco, Press Office of the President of the Republic of Moldova; and others

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The Closing Ceremony of the Project “Provision of the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova with Modern Equipment for Restoration of Exhibits, Exhibition and Educational Activities” Financed by the Government of Japan

27 October 2010

The Government of Japan has provided financial assistance amounting to U.S. $ 81,562 for the project to provide the National Museum of Archaeology and History of Moldova with modern equipment for restoration of exhibits, exhibition and educational activities. The project was implemented within one year (October 2009 – October 2010). This is the first project performed in the Republic of Moldova within the framework of the Small Grants Program in the Field of Culture

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Independent Moldova
Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic
Bessarabia and MASSR between the Two World Wars
Bessarabia and Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the Period between the Two World Wars
Revival of National Movement
Time of Reforms and their Consequences
Abolition of Autonomy. Bessarabia – a New Tsarist Colony
Period of Relative Autonomy of Bessarabia within the Russian Empire
Phanariot Regime
Golden Age of the Romanian Culture
Struggle for Maintaining of Independence of Moldova
Formation of Independent Medieval State of Moldova
Era of the
Great Nomad Migrations
Early Middle Ages
Iron Age and Antiquity
Bronze Age
Aeneolithic Age
Neolithic Age
Palaeolithic Age
  
  

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#Exhibit of the Month

Bronze cauldrons of the Scythian time are rare in the Northern Black Sea region, especially on its western borders. Therefore, those few items found on the territory of the Republic of Moldova occupy a worthy place in the collection of the National Museum of History of Moldova (NMHM)...

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

 



The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC

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The National Museum of History of Moldova takes place among the most significant museum institutions of the Republic of Moldova, in terms of both its collection and scientific reputation.
©2006-2024 National Museum of History of Moldova
Visit museum 31 August 1989 St., 121 A, MD 2012, Chisinau, Republic of Moldova
Phones:
Secretariat: +373 (22) 24-43-25
Department of Public Relations and Museum Education: +373 (22) 24-04-26
Fax: +373 (22) 24-43-69
E-mail: office@nationalmuseum.md
Technical Support: info@nationalmuseum.md
Web site administration and maintenance: Andrei EMILCIUC